Lessons

- Descriptive Vs. Inferential Statistics
- Types of Measurement Scales
- Parameter, Sample Statistic, and Frequency Distribution
- Relative Frequencies and Cumulative Relative Frequencies
- Properties of a Data Set (Histogram / Frequency Polygon)
- Measures of Central Tendency
- Calculating Arithmetic Mean
- Calculating Weighted Average Mean
- Calculating Geometric Mean
- Calculating Harmonic Mean
- Calculating Median and Mode of a Data Set
- Quartiles, Quintiles, Deciles, and Percentiles
- Range and Mean Absolute Deviation
- Variance and Standard Deviation
- Chebyshev’s Inequality
- Coefficient of Variation
- Sharpe Ratio
- Skewness and Kurtosis
- Relative Locations of Mean, Median and Mode

# Chebyshev’s Inequality

Chebyshev’s Inequality is used to describe the percentage of values in a distribution within an interval centered at the mean.

It states that for a distribution, the percentage of observations that lie within k standard deviations is atleast 1 – 1/k2

This is illustrated below:

**Example**

The following table shows the minimum number of observations that lie within a certain number of standard deviations of the mean.

Standard Deviations | % of observations |

1.5 | 56% |

2 | 75% |

3 | 89% |

4 | 94% |

An important feature of Chebyshev’s Inequality is that it works with any kind of distribution.

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