- Equity Analysis Part 3 - Introduction
- Free Cash Flow Valuation
- One, Two, and Three Stage FCF Calculations
- Share Price Multiple Methods in Equity Valuation
- Price to Earnings (P/E) Ratio (Leading P/E and Trailing P/E)
- Price to Book (P/B) Value Ratio and Equity Valuation
- Price to Sales (P/S) Ratio
- Price to Cash Flow Ratios
- Enterprise Value (EV) to EBITDA
- Dividend Yield for Valuing Equity
- Residual Income (RI) Valuation Model
Free Cash Flow Valuation
FCFF vs. FCFE Definitions
FCFF: Free Cash Flows to the Firm are available to both suppliers of equity and debt capital; return of these cash flows to stock and bond investors does not threaten the company’s existence as a going concern.
WACC & FCFF: When performing a company valuation using discounted FCFFs, the discount rate applied should be the weighted average cost of capital (based on the target capital structure), to reflect both the cost of equity and cost of debt.
Value0 = Σ FCFFt / (1+WACC)t
Equity Value = Calculated Firm Value – Market Value of Debt
This can be converted to a share price by dividing the Equity Value by the number of shares outstanding.
FCFE: Free Cash Flows to Equity are available to stock holders only; return of these cash flows to stock investors does not threaten the company’s existence as a going concern.
Value0 = Σ FCFEt / (1 + rce)t
The equity value derived from an FCFE analysis can then be divided by the number of shares outstanding to arrive at a share price.
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