Economic Growth and Inflation
We can explain economic growth and inflation using the Aggregate Demand and Long Run Aggregate Supply curves.
Economic growth is the persistent growth in potential GDP, while inflation is the persistent increase in general prices as shown in the graph below:
As you can see both AD and LRAS have shifted to the right. Increase in LRAS brings economic growth. This happens due to increased labour, more capital, or better technology. However, there is a bigger increase in Aggregate Demand (AD), which causes inflation.
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- Gross Domestic Product
- Methods of Calculating GDP
- Nominal Vs. Real GDP
- GDP, National Income, and Personal Income
- Relationship Between Saving, Investment, Fiscal Balance, and Trade Balance
- The IS Curve
- The LM Curve
- Aggregate Demand Curve
- Aggregate Supply Curve
- Shifts in Aggregate Demand Curve
- Shifts in Supply Curve
- Macroeconomic Equilibrium
- Economic Growth and Inflation
- Business Cycle and Economics
- Impact of Changes in Aggregate Supply and Demand
- Sources, Measurement, and Sustainability of Economic Growth
- The Production Function