Real options represent a company’s rights to make chronological decisions in a capital project.

Real options increase the NPV of a project because a firm would not rationally exercise an option which lowers value.

**Types of Real Options**

**Evaluating Real Options**

Calculate the project’s NPV without any options. If the project has a positive NPV, then real options will increase its value.

If the project without any options has a negative NPV, then make adjustments based on the value of associated real options. The analyst must determine if the value of the real options is sufficient to create a positive NPV.

Incorporate the use of decision trees or option pricing models to evaluate a capital project.

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