- CFA Level 2: Corporate Finance Part 1 – Introduction
- Introduction to Capital Structure and Leverage
- Introductory Capital Budgeting Remarks
- Expansion Projects vs. Replacement Projects and Cash Flows
- Impacts of Depreciation Method Choice on Capital Budget Analysis
- Inflation and Capital Budgeting
- Mutually Exclusive Capital Projects with Unequal Lives
- Equivalent Annual Annuity (EAA) Approach
- Least Common Multiple of Lives Approach
- Stand Alone Risk and Capital Projects
- CAPM and a Capital Project’s Discount Rate
- Capital Projects and Real Options
- Common Pitfalls in Capital Budgeting
- Capital Budgeting Alternatives to NPV and IRR Analysis
- Modigliani-Miller and Capital Structure Theory
- Evaluating Capital Structure Policy
- International Differences in Financial Leverage
- Dividend and Share Repurchase Policies
- Factors Affecting Corporate Dividend Policy Decisions
- Signals from Dividend Policies
Capital Projects and Real Options
Real options represent a company’s rights to make chronological decisions in a capital project.
Real options increase the NPV of a project because a firm would not rationally exercise an option which lowers value.
Types of Real Options
Evaluating Real Options
Calculate the project’s NPV without any options. If the project has a positive NPV, then real options will increase its value.
If the project without any options has a negative NPV, then make adjustments based on the value of associated real options. The analyst must determine if the value of the real options is sufficient to create a positive NPV.
Incorporate the use of decision trees or option pricing models to evaluate a capital project.
This content is for paid members only.
Join our membership for lifelong unlimited access to all our data science learning content and resources.