Basis Point Value also known as Delta or DV01 represents the change in the value of an asset due to a 0.01% change in the yield. It is commonly used to measure the interest rate risk in a bond position or a portfolio and can be effectively used while hedging the portfolio.
An effective way to hedge is to match the BPV of the underlying security and that of the hedging vehicle.
BPV can be calculated using the following simple formula:
Along with BPV, it is also useful to calculate the Price Value of a Basis Point (PVBP), which measures the change in value in dollar terms.