Systemic risks, as opposed to unique or firm-specific risks, are the most troublesome because they have the potential to affect anyone. Systemic risks may arise from common factors (for example, market and economic factors, weather, natural disasters, computer viruses, war) and can influence the whole market's well-being.
Unlike firm-specific risk, systemic risk cannot be diversified away--in fact, systemic risk is the residual risk when we have diversified away all specific risk.
There are common factors in systemic risks.
Virtually unrestrained availability of credit
Sizable concentrations of risk that were not perceived as such
A relaxed acceptance of financial asset inflation--often fueled by cumulative public policy excesses
Examples of Systemic Risk
Examples of systemic risk include:
1. The fall of pegged Southeast Asian currencies, resulting in drastic economic slowdown throughout Asia
2. Japan's 80's lending excesses, resulting in mountains of bad debt still crippling its financial system
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