- Technology and Invention in Finance
- Financial Markets: Course Introduction
- Risk and Financial Crises
- Portfolio Diversification and Supporting Financial Institutions
- Insurance, the Archetypal Risk Management Institution
- Barron's Criticism, Determinants of Investment Return
- Lecture 7 - Efficient Markets
- Lecture 8 - Theory of Debt, Its Proper Role, Leverage Cycles
- Lecture 9 - Corporate Stocks
- Lecture 10 - Real Estate Finance
- Lecture 11 - Behavioral Finance
- Lecture 12 - Misbehavior, Crises, Regulation and Self Regulation
- Lecture 13 - Overview of Banks
- Lecture 14 - A Brief History of AIG with Maurice "Hank" Greenberg
- Lecture 15 - Forward and Futures Markets
- Lecture 16 - Banking and Regulations in China with Laura Cha
- Lecture 17 - Options Markets
- Lecture 18 - Monetary Policy
- Lecture 19 - Overview of Investment Banking
- Lecture 20 - Professional Money Managers and Their Influence
- Lecture 21 - Exchanges, Brokers, Dealers, Clearinghouses
Lecture 21 - Exchanges, Brokers, Dealers, Clearinghouses
As the starting point for this lecture, Professor Shiller contrasts the view of economics as the theory of the allocation of scarce resources with the view of economics as the study of exchange. After a discussion of the difference between brokers and dealers, he outlines the history of securities exchanges from ancient Rome, to the Amsterdam Stock Exchange and Jonathan's Coffee House in London, until the formation of the New York Stock Exchange.
He complements this historic account with an overview of securities exchanges all over the world, covering India, China, Brazil, and Mexico. An example of a limit order book allows him to elaborate on the mechanics of trading at the National Association of Securities Dealers Automatic Quotation System (NASDAQ). Subsequently, he turns his attention to the growing importance of program trading and high frequency trading, but also discusses their impact on the stock market crash from October 19, 1987, as well as on the Flash Crash from May 6, 2010.
When talking about fairness in financial markets, particularly with regard to the relation between private investors and brokers, he discusses the National Market System (NMS), the Intermarket Trading System (ITS), and consolidated quotation systems. He concludes this lecture with some reflections on the operations of dealers, addressing the role of inside information and the Gambler's Ruin problem.
1. Exchange as the Key Component of Economic Activity\ 2. Brokers vs. Dealers\ 3. History of Stock Exchanges around the World\ 4. Market Orders, Limit Orders, and Stop Orders\ 5. The Growing Importance of Electronic Trading\ 6. Instabilities Related to High Frequency Trading\ 7. The Frustrations as Trading as a Dealer
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