Earnings and Cash Flows

  • This segment has focused on earnings; when reporting earnings management has certain discretion over the treatment of gains, losses, and expenses.
  • Cash inflows and outflows can provide the analyst with a more objective view of the company's economic reality.
  • Analysts should compare trends in net income with trends in cash flow from operations and may be rightfully skeptical of firms that report trends in earnings growth which are not matched by similar trends in cash flows from operations.
  • Summary of cash flow treatment under GAAP and IFRS
ITEMU.S. GAAPIFRS
Interest ReceivedOperationsOperations or Investing
Interest PaidOperationsOperations or Financing
Dividends ReceivedOperationsOperations or Investing
Dividends PaidFinancingOperations or Financing
Taxed PaidOperationsOperations, Investing or Financing

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