# Interpreting Forward Exchange Rate Quotes

Forward exchange rate contracts trade at premiums or discounts to the spot rate. These premiums and discounts are useful insights for analysts to gauge what to expect from the market, and which currencies are expected to appreciate and which ones are expected to depreciate.

The forward exchange rates are quoted in terms of points. For example, let’s say the current EUR/USD exchange rate is 1.2823. The forward quote for a 90-day forward exchange rate is +16 points. This 16 points will be interpreted as 16*1/10,000 = 0.0016 above the spot rate. A positive sign means that euro is trading at a premium relative to US dollar.